How Does Race Impact Childbirth Outcomes?

Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) by race of mother: United States, 2015

Race of mother Live births Infant deaths Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)
Non-Hispanic Black 589,047 6,624 11.25
All races 3,978,497 23,458 5.9
Hispanic 924,048 4,583 4.96
Non-Hispanic White 2,130,279 10,444 4.9

Data source: CDC/National Center for Health Statistics

Characteristics of birth, by race of mother: United States, 2015

Mother characteristics All origins and races Non-Hispanic white Non-Hispanic black Hispanic
Diabetes during pregnancy 6.5% 5.8% 5.7% 7.1%
Certified nurse midwives delivery 8.5% 9.0% 7.2% 8.1%
Cesarean delivery 32% 31.1% 35.5% 31.7%
Infant characteristics All origins and races Non-Hispanic white Non-Hispanic black Hispanic
Preterm[1] 9.6% 8.9% 13.4% 9.1%
Low birthweight[2] 8.1% 6.9% 13.3% 7.2%

Data source: CDC/National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 66, No. 1, January 5, 201

[1] Born before 37 completed weeks of gestation based on the obstetric estimate.

[2] Less than 2,500 grams.

Percentages are out of the group, ie:. 5.8% of non-Hispanic white mothers have diabetes during pregnancy.  


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